Visiting St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome | Vatican City

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Vatican TicketsSt. Peter's Basilica

St. Peter's Basilica | The Greatest of All Churches in Christendom

St. Peter's Basilica is an Italian Renaissance church that was designed primarily by Donato Bramante, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Michelangelo, and Carlo Maderno. Construction of the basilica began in 1506 and was completed in 1626. The basilica is located adjacent to St. Peter’s Square, only a 10-minute walk away from the Vatican Museums.

The largest church in the world, St. Peter’s Basilica is more than just the most important building in Christendom. A cultural, historical, and architectural landmark, the church holds within itself treasures from millennia including paintings, sculptures, artifacts, and more.

Why Visit St Peter's Basilica?

St Peter's Basilica

Who Built the St. Peter's Basilica?

The Old St. Peter's Basilica was built in the 4th century by the Roman emperor Constantine the Great. The plan for the present St. Peter's Basilica was conceived by Pope Nicholas V. In 1506, Julius II laid the first stone for the new basilica. Construction of the present basilica was completed between April 1506 and November 1626. It was designed principally by Donato Bramante, Michelangelo, Carlo Maderno and Gian Lorenzo Bernini.

Where is St. Peter's Basilica Located?

St. Peter's Basilica

St Peter's Basilica Timings

St Peters Basilica Opening Hours
St Peter's Basilica Dome Hours
St Peters Basilica Mass Timings

St Peter's Basilica History in a Nutshell

  • As per Catholic tradition, Saint Peter, after spending 34 years spreading the word of Christianity, travelled to Rome. Here, he was crucified upside down on a cross in Circus of Nero, and buried nearby on what is now the Vatican Hill.
  • Between 319 AD and 333 AD Emperor Constantine The Great built the Old Basilica on the grounds of the burial spot of St. Peter.
  • With the old Basilica falling into disrepair, at the behest of Pope Julius II, the current St. Peter’s Basilica was built in the 16th Century.

St. Peter's Basilica Highlights

St. Peter’s Basilica Cupola
Vatican Grottoes
St. Peter's Treasury

St. Peter's Treasury

St. Peter’s Treasury is another section of the basilica that has an admission charge. Its exhibition contains church ornaments, statues, and various other objects that were usually royal gifts such as the Tomb of Sixtus IV, and the Papal tiara. The most ancient object in the Treasury is the Vatican Cross which had been gifted by Emperor Justine III. It has a series of mounted cabochon-cut, colored gems (emeralds, jaspers, aquamarines, agates, rock crystal). In the center, you will find a capsule containing fragments of the Holy Cross.

St. Peter’s Basilica Pieta
St Peter's Chair
St Peter's Tomb

Frequently Asked Questions About St. Peter's Basilica

Q. What is the St. Peter's Basilica?

A. St. Peter's Basilica is a Renaissance style located in Vatican City. Designed primarily by Donato Bramante, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Michelangelo, and Carlo Maderno between 1506 and 1626, St. Peter's Basilica is the largest church in the world.

Q. Where is St. Peter's Basilica located?

A. St. Peter's Basilica is located at Piazza San Pietro, 00120 Città del Vaticano, Vatican City.

Q. What are the timings of St. Peter's Basilica?

A. During the low season, between 1 October to 31 March, the St. Peter's Basilica is open from 8am - 5pm and during high season, from 1 April to 30 September, the Basilica is open from 7am - 7pm.

Q. Why was St Peter's Basilica built?

A. The Old St Peter's Basilica was built between 319 AD and 333 to commemorate Saint Peter, who is believed to have been buried there. In the 16th century, at the behest of Pope Julius II, the current St. Peter’s Basilica was built after the old one fell into disrepair.

Q. Are St. Peter’s Basilica tickets available online?

A. Yes, you can now book your St. Peter's Basilica tickets online now. You can book your St. Peter's Basilica tickets here.

Q. Do I have to follow a dress code to enter St. Peter's Basilica?

A. As a church, St. Peter's Basilica expects its visitors to follow certain decorum. A dress code is strictly enforced at St Peter's Basilica. Clothing above the knees, low cut tops and bare shoulders are not allowed.

Q. How can I get to St. Peter's Basilica?

A. You can travel to St. Peter's Basilica in Vatican City by metro, train or bus.

Q. Can I attend the mass at St. Peter's Basilica?

A. Yes, the entry to St. Peter's Basilica is free during Mass. However you have to be dressed in proper church clothes.

Q. What can I see inside the St. Peter's Basilica?

A. The St. Peter's Basilica Dome or the Cupola, Vatican Grottoes, Michelangelo's Pieta, St. Peter’s Baldachin, Statue of St. Longinus, St. Peter’s Tomb and the Chair of St. Peter are some of the main attractions inside St. Peter's Basilica.

Q. Can you just walk into St Peter's Basilica?

A. Yes, you actually can simply enter St. Peter's Basilica unless you wish to skip the line or wish to opt for a guided tour.

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